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Twenty percent of the human body is made up of protein. Protein plays a crucial role in almost all biological processes and amino acids are the building blocks of it. When protein is digested in the body, it is once again broken down into specific amino acids which form most of the solid matter in our bodies like skin, eyes, heart, intestines, bones and, of course, muscle.
They also play a key role in the transport and the storage of nutrients. Amino acids have an influence on the function of organs, glands, tendons and arteries. They are furthermore essential for healing wounds and repairing tissue, especially in the muscles, bones, skin and hair as well as for the removal of all kinds of waste deposits produced in connection with the metabolism.
For the proper conversion of protein into amino acids and vice versa, you need to make sure you are consuming enough vitamins and minerals in your diet. Amino acids optimize the micronutrients and provide the fuel for growth, health, good functioning of the body and genetic transcription.
There are around 20-22 standard amino acids out of which 8-10 are considered essential, which means you need to get a certain amount of them in your diet to function properly. Our bodies cannot synthesize them from other material, so we need to get them through food.
The essential amino acids are glutamine, valine, BCAA’s, histidine, carnitine, lysine. Some other amino acids that have recently caught the headlines are L-Glutamine, L-Arginine, L-Carnitine, L-Cysteine, and HMB.